Sangallo, Giuliano da

(1443-1516)
   Giuliano da Sangallo was the founding member of a dynasty of Florentine architects. Like Filippo Brunelleschi and Leon Battista Alberti who influenced him, he was deeply interested in ancient architecture. The notes he took on the ancient monuments he studied during an early stay in Rome (c. 1465-c. 1472), the Codex Barberiano, are now housed in the Vatican and record some Roman buildings that no longer stand. Upon his return to Florence and armed with the knowledge he acquired in the papal city, Sangallo worked on the courtyard of the Palazzo Scala (1472-1480), a commission he received from the statesman and humanist Bartolomeo Scala. Made to look like an ancient peristyle, the courtyard features arches flanked by pilasters on the lower story and above these a series of reliefs, also executed by Sangallo, based on a poem, the Cento Apologi, written by his patron that deals with moralizing mythological themes. After this, Sangallo became the architect favored by Lorenzo "the Magnificent" de' Medici. For him he built the Villa Medici at Poggio a Caiano in the early 1480s, the earliest attempt by a Renaissance architect to recreate an ancient suburban villa based on the descriptions of Vitruvius and Pliny the Younger. It is also the first domestic structure with a completely symmetrical arrangement of rooms around a large central hall. In this, it foreshadows the villas of Palladio.
   Sangallo's Church of Santa Maria delle Carceri in Prato, built in 1484-1492 and also commissioned by Lorenzo de' Medici, was meant as repository for an image of the Virgin that effected miracles. This structure, shaped like a Greek cross, depends on the mathematical system of proportions introduced by Brunelleschi earlier in the century. The dome and interior are also Brunelleschian, this last relying heavily on Brunelleschi's Pazzi Chapel at Santa Croce, Florence (1433-1461). In the exterior, Sangallo applied the Colosseum principle introduced by Alberti in his design for the Palazzo Rucellai in Florence. These structures for Lorenzo were followed by the Palazzi Gondi (beg. 1490) and Strozzi (1489-1490), this last completed by Cronaca and Benedetto da Maiano.
   After the expulsion of the Medici from Florence in 1494, Sangallo returned to Rome. There he worked for Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere, later Pope Julius II. When Donato Bramante died, Sangallo was called by Leo X, a Medici, to work alongside Raphael on New St. Peter's, but was soon dismissed as the commission proved to difficult for him to handle. He returned to Florence where he submitted designs for the façade of San Lorenzo (1515-1516), by then considered antiquated. Disheartened, Sangallo died in 1516.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sangallo,Giuliano da — San·gal·lo (sän gäʹlō, säng ), Giuliano da. 1445 1516. Italian architect and engineer noted especially for the works he executed under Medici patronage, including the church of Santa Maria delle Carceri in Prato (1485) and the Palazzo Gondi in… …   Universalium

  • Sangallo, Giuliano da — soprannome di Giamberti, Giuliano …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • SANGALLO, Giuliano da — (c. 1443 1516)    See RENAISSANCE ARCHITECTURE …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Sangallo — (Giuliano Giamberti, dit Giuliano da) (v. 1445 1516) architecte et sculpteur italien, à Florence …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Sangallo — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Sangallo ist der Familienname einer italienischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giuliano Giamberti — Porträt des G. da Sangallo von Piero di Cosimo Giuliano da Sangallo (eigentlich Giuliano Giamberti, * um 1443 in Florenz, Italien; † 1516 ebd.) war ein italienischer Architekt und Bildhauer. Er ist der Bruder von Antonio da Sangallo dem Älteren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giuliano Da Sangallo —  Pour les autres membres de la famille, voir : Da Sangallo. Portrait par Piero di Cosimo, entre 1500 et 1520 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giuliano Sangallo — Giuliano da Sangallo  Pour les autres membres de la famille, voir : Da Sangallo. Portrait par Piero di Cosimo, entre 1500 et 1520 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giuliano da Sangallo — (c. 1443 – 1516) was an Italian sculptor, architect and military engineer active during the Italian Renaissance. Biography He was born in Florence. His father Francesco Giamberti was a woodworker and architect, much employed by Cosimo de Medici,… …   Wikipedia

  • Sangallo — is the surname of a Florentine family, several members of which became distinguished in the fine arts, including:* Giuliano da Sangallo (1445 1516) * Antonio da Sangallo the Elder (1455? 1534), younger brother of Giuliano * Francesco da Sangallo… …   Wikipedia

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